How to Describe a Homeless Person in Writing (21 Best Tips)

Writing about homelessness requires a delicate balance between being descriptive and sensitive.

Here’s how to describe a homeless person in writing:

Describe a homeless person in writing by focusing on their individuality and humanity. Avoid stereotypes and instead opt for nuanced details that showcase their unique character. Incorporate elements like physical appearance, behavior, relationships, and inner thoughts for a balanced portrayal.

This article provides you with 21 tips and examples for describing a homeless person in a respectful and nuanced manner.

1. The Portrait of Dignity

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Digital image of a homeless man - How to Describe a Homeless Person in Writing
I made this image – How to Describe a Homeless Person in Writing

The first step in responsibly describing a homeless person is emphasizing their dignity and humanity.

All too often, homeless individuals are lumped together as faceless entities in the narrative landscape, stripped of individuality and nuance.

Remember that every person has a story.

A story complete with triumphs and tribulations, aspirations, and setbacks.

To effectively portray dignity, avoid focusing solely on their circumstances.

Instead, tap into their personal qualities—courage, wisdom, or even a sense of humor.

Bring them to life as real people, not just as stereotypes or background props in your story.

Example: “John sat there, still as a statue, not a beggar but a guardian of his tiny universe made up of a tattered backpack and an old, faithful dog.”

2. Capturing the Resilience

Resilience is an overlooked but vital attribute often found in homeless individuals.

It’s easy to reduce them to their present circumstances and overlook their capacity to survive and adapt.

The hardships they face are real and numerous, from extreme weather conditions to social ostracization.

In your description, focus on moments that capture their resilience.

Maybe they’re solving a problem, displaying a skill, or showing kindness to others despite their own difficult circumstances.

This not only humanizes them but can also inspire empathy and respect in your readers.

Example: “Despite the biting cold, Sarah meticulously arranged her few belongings, an assembly of vital survival tools she had collected over the years.”

3. The Weight of Possessions

The physical belongings surrounding a homeless individual are often limited but telling.

They carry with them a blend of practicality and sentimentality.

Some items are survival necessities—blankets, water bottles, perhaps a utility multitool.

Others may be mementos from a different time—a photograph, a trinket, or even a book.

When describing these possessions, consider both their physical attributes and symbolic weight.

A ragged coat isn’t just a piece of clothing—it’s a shield against the elements.

A dog-eared book might not just be a way to pass time.

It could be a remaining tether to a past life or a dream unfulfilled.

Example: “Around him lay a motley sea of objects: a dog-eared book, a rusty pocket knife, and a frayed picture of what seemed to be his family.”

4. Eyes as Windows

Eyes are more than just a facial feature.

They’re an expressive medium through which a lot can be revealed. A single glance can convey a multitude of emotions—hope, despair, resilience, or fatigue.

When describing a homeless person, pay special attention to the eyes as they offer a window into their inner world.

Moreover, eyes can change dynamically based on the individual’s experiences and current situation.

Someone who’s freshly homeless might have eyes filled with confusion and fear.

Someone who’s been on the streets for years may display an unsettling mix of toughness and resignation.

Example: “His eyes, once lively and full of youthful dreams, now held a weary maturity.”

5. The Symphony of Smells

Smell is one of the most evocative senses in writing, able to transport readers directly into the scene.

When describing a homeless person, the temptation might be to focus on unpleasant odors.

But just as with visual descriptions, it’s important to approach olfactory descriptions with nuance and empathy.

Remember that the scents surrounding a homeless person could range from the mundane to the symbolic.

Maybe there’s the musty smell of damp clothing but also the unexpected aroma of a fragrant flower kept as a cherished possession.

Each smell can tell a story, and layering these olfactory details can add depth and richness to your narrative.

Example: “A mix of scents filled the air around her—musty blankets, the lingering smell of stale bread, and surprisingly, the faint aroma of lavender from a half-used-up air freshener.”

6. Narrating the Nervousness

It’s only natural that homelessness brings with it a level of nervousness and anxiety, given the inherent instability and uncertainty.

When describing this nervousness, avoid using it as a blanket statement that overshadows all other aspects of the character.

Instead, let it be one of the many emotions that make up their complex psychological landscape.

Convey this nervousness through small actions or habits.

This could be anything from a nervous tick to a restless shifting of weight.

These subtle cues can be incredibly revealing, offering a glimpse into the internal tumult without defining the individual solely based on it.

Example: “Jane’s fingers drummed an anxious rhythm on the cardboard sign, as if trying to tap out an SOS for her soul.”

7. The Power of Posture

Body language is an eloquent form of non-verbal communication.

The way a person holds themselves, the arch of their back, the tilt of their head, all speak volumes about their state of mind.

For a homeless person, posture can tell stories of long-endured hardships, momentary reliefs, and the daily struggle to maintain dignity.

It’s not just about the physical stance, but also what that stance implies.

A hunched back could signify not just exhaustion but also the weight of a life filled with challenges.

Conversely, an erect posture against all odds could signify resilience, a refusal to be broken by circumstances.

Example: “He stood hunched, as if carrying an invisible weight on his shoulders, a silhouette etched against the setting sun.”

8. The Canvas of Skin

The skin can tell a silent story filled with nuanced chapters.

From weather-beaten textures to old scars, each mark is a testament to survival, history, and identity.

However, when describing a person’s skin, avoid leaning into clichés that portray them as dirty or neglected as their defining features.

Instead, focus on the texture, the colors, and the subtleties.

Maybe their hands are rough from manual work but their face lights up with smooth lines when they smile.

Or perhaps they have tattoos that each have their own backstory.

This creates a vivid and humane picture that goes beyond surface-level judgments.

Example: “Her hands were a roadmap of hard work and struggle, yet her smile lines suggested a softness that had somehow survived.”

9. The Echo of Voices

Vocal nuances can be incredibly revealing.

A person’s voice can tell you if they are tired, passionate, disinterested, or hopeful.

When describing a homeless person’s voice, think beyond volume and pitch.

Instead, focus on the emotions and history that their tone conveys.

Is their voice tinged with a regional accent, suggesting roots far away from where they currently are?

Is there a raspiness that hints at years of hardship, or perhaps an unexpected warmth that defies their tough exterior?

Vocal descriptions can humanize your character significantly.

Example: “His voice carried the gravelly timbre of experience, but each word was enunciated with a clarity that was startling.”

10. The Cloak of Clothes

Clothing is often one of the first things noticed about a person.

For someone who is homeless, their attire could range from carefully maintained remnants of a past life to purely functional garments for survival.

Instead of just describing the worn nature of their clothes, think about the choices they make with their limited options.

Do they always wear a particular hat, no matter the weather?

Is there a piece of jewelry that they never take off?

Each choice can offer an insight into what they hold important or comforting.

Example: “He always wore the same weather-beaten coat, its collar turned up not just for warmth, but perhaps to shield him from the world’s prying eyes.”

11. The Gestures of Habit

We all have unique habits and quirks that make us who we are, and homeless people are no exception.

Whether it’s the way they sip their coffee, how they organize their sleeping area, or a distinctive greeting they offer to everyone, these habits are a part of their individuality.

When describing these gestures, make sure they serve to highlight the person’s humanity rather than caricature their hardship.

These habits could also be used to show the resourcefulness or skills they’ve acquired to survive.

Example: “Every morning, she would carefully fold her blankets into a makeshift pillow, an echo of domesticity in her transient home.”

12. The Art of Interaction

How a homeless person interacts with their environment and the people around them can offer meaningful character insights.

Are they withdrawn or do they seek community with other homeless individuals?

Do they talk to stray animals, or maintain a protective distance from everyone?

By describing their interactions, you can showcase their social coping mechanisms, their values, or even their sense of morality, thereby turning them into full-fledged characters.

Example: “Even in his solitude, he made it a point to share his meager meals with the stray dogs that frequented the alley, a silent pact of mutual loneliness and survival.”

13. Time’s Imprint

While physical appearances are significant, also consider how time has shaped the person.

Have they aged beyond their years due to the harshness of life, or does a youthful spirit still shine through?

How do they spend their days?

These aspects can add layers to your character.

The passage of time can be described through physical changes, yes, but also through the evolution of habits, friends, and even the places they choose to frequent.

This can provide readers with a sense of history and depth.

Example: “Though his beard had grayed, his daily ritual of reading his worn-out novel under the bridge remained the same—a quiet rebellion against the erosion of time.”

14. Soundscapes Around

Apart from their own voice, consider the sounds that typically surround them.

Is it the constant thrum of city traffic, the chatter of other homeless people, or the chirping of birds in a secluded spot?

These soundscapes can help to set the scene and evoke mood.

More than just ambiance, the sounds that one surrounds oneself with can be a matter of choice and comfort.

Maybe the character purposely chooses noisy spots to blend into the urban cacophony, or perhaps they seek the quiet corners where their thoughts are the loudest company.

Example: “He found solace in the distant echo of a saxophonist playing jazz, the notes weaving through the night air like a lullaby for the forsaken.”

15. The Choreography of Movement

The way a person moves can tell a lot about them.

Are their movements slow and calculated, weighed down by their baggage—literal and metaphorical?

Or are they restless, constantly shifting from one foot to another, mirroring their internal turbulence?

Describing their movement can not only offer insights into their physical state but also their emotional and psychological state.

It provides another layer through which readers can empathize with them.

Example: “With a grace that defied his bulky frame, he navigated the crowded sidewalk, as if dancing to a tune only he could hear.”

16. The Armor of Stoicism

Life on the streets is filled with unpredictable ups and downs.

For many homeless people, stoicism becomes an essential coping mechanism.

When describing this emotional armor, avoid stereotyping them as emotionless or hardened.

Stoicism is often a strategy, a way to guard against the world’s harshness.

Underneath the stoic exterior might lie a wealth of emotions, dreams, and even fears.

Unveiling this layer can be a pivotal moment in your storytelling.

Example: “Her face remained unreadable as she listened to the insults hurled her way, but the subtle clenching of her fists spoke volumes.”

17. The Sanctuary of Space

Space holds different meanings for homeless individuals.

What might be a mere bus stop for someone can be a treasured sanctuary for another.

The places they choose to rest, eat, or simply be, tell a story about what they find comforting or safe.

Describing these spaces allows you to explore the intimate relationship between a person and their environment, adding layers to both the character and the setting of your story.

Example: “For her, the small alcove behind the grocery store wasn’t just a hiding spot; it was a refuge, a stolen piece of the world where she felt slightly more in control.”

18. The Tapestry of Relationships

Homeless individuals are often not as isolated as one might assume.

They might have relationships with other people in their community, whether those are other homeless individuals, service workers, or even strangers who regularly pass by their usual spots.

These relationships can offer a window into their social life, as well as their emotional and mental state.

Describing these relationships gives you the opportunity to deepen your readers’ understanding of your character.

It can provide context, create contrast, and even introduce additional layers of story potential.

More importantly, it serves to counteract the all-too-common portrayal of homeless people as isolated or solely defined by their homelessness.

Example: “Each evening, he and Susan, who lived in a makeshift tent two blocks away, would share a cup of tea, their chatter a small rebellion against the isolation that sought to claim them.”

19. The Spectrum of Emotions

Just like anyone else, homeless individuals experience a range of emotions.

While it’s easy to focus on the more tragic elements, remember that they can feel joy, love, surprise, and even contentment.

Conveying a wide emotional range is critical to avoid stereotyping and to present a rounded, human character.

To effectively describe these emotions, consider situations or memories that would trigger different feelings.

Maybe they found something that made them laugh, or perhaps they’re remembering a loved one, allowing them to feel love and loss simultaneously.

Example: “A genuine smile broke through the dirt and grime on her face when she found a forgotten children’s toy in the garbage—a tiny piece of ordinary that brightened her extraordinary life.”

20. The Symphony of Inner Thoughts

While external descriptions are important for painting a vivid picture, a character’s inner thoughts offer a direct route to their soul.

This is where you can explore their hopes, fears, rationalizations, and dreams.

It’s also a place where you can directly confront or address any stereotypes or assumptions, either held by the reader or by other characters within the story.

Doing this enables you to capture the contradictions and complexities that make them human.

It’s the final brushstroke that can turn your portrayal from a sketch into a masterpiece.

Example: “As he looked up at the towering skyscrapers, he allowed himself a moment to dream, imagining a parallel universe where his luck had held, where each window might be a frame in the story he’d never lived.”

21. The Language of Survival

For most homeless individuals, life is a daily exercise in survival.

The choices they make often revolve around basic needs:

  • Where to find food
  • Where to sleep
  • How to stay warm or cool

Describing these daily rituals or strategies can provide a gritty realism to your character’s existence, while also emphasizing their resourcefulness and resilience.

However, be careful not to romanticize or exploit their struggle for survival.

It should be portrayed as a difficult necessity, not an adventurous choice.

The aim should be to evoke empathy and understanding, not thrills.

Example: “She had learned the unspoken schedule of the city—the best times to visit the soup kitchen without a long wait, the quietest spots in the library where she could catch up on sleep, and even the exact moment each evening when the bakery would discard their unsold pastries.”

Here is a good video that will help you learn how to describe a homeless person in writing:

YouTube Video by TEDx Talks – How to Describe a Homeless Person in Writing

30 Best Words to Describe a Homeless Person in Writing

When selecting words to describe a homeless person, consider vocabulary that humanizes, adds depth, and avoids stereotypes.

Here are some thoughtful words you might use:

  1. Resilient
  2. Weathered
  3. Experienced
  4. Complex
  5. Strong-willed
  6. Persevering
  7. Unsettled
  8. Resourceful
  9. Layered
  10. Stoic
  11. Wandering
  12. Estranged
  13. Observant
  14. Unassuming
  15. Independent
  16. Nomadic
  17. Insightful
  18. Underestimated
  19. Guarded
  20. Vulnerable
  21. Wary
  22. Enduring
  23. Grizzled
  24. Tenacious
  25. Sensitive
  26. Driven
  27. Self-sufficient
  28. Displaced
  29. Undaunted
  30. Isolated

30 Best Phrases to Describe a Homeless Person in Writing

Phrases allow for a more nuanced description and can convey a depth of character.

Consider these options:

  1. A survivor of circumstance
  2. Worn but not broken
  3. Adrift but not lost
  4. Rich in experience
  5. Marked by life
  6. Jaded but hopeful
  7. Resilient against the odds
  8. Carrying unseen burdens
  9. Guarded yet open
  10. Toughened by adversity
  11. Navigating a complex life
  12. Unfettered by materialism
  13. Reflective and contemplative
  14. Cautiously optimistic
  15. Wearing a cloak of invisibility
  16. Shaped by hardship
  17. Underneath society’s radar
  18. Defying easy categorization
  19. Entrenched in urban shadows
  20. Silent keeper of stories
  21. A mosaic of contradictions
  22. Subdued but not defeated
  23. With wisdom in wrinkles
  24. Hauntingly familiar
  25. A paradox of strength and vulnerability
  26. Living in forced minimalism
  27. On a solo journey
  28. Trapped in a cycle
  29. The face of ignored realities
  30. Making a home without walls

3 Full Descriptions of a Homeless Person (Examples)

Now let’s look at examples of how to describe homeless people in writing.

Literary Fiction

Martha carried the wisdom of her years in the crinkles around her eyes, each line a testament to a hardship endured and overcome.

A survivor of circumstance, her hands were rough and weathered like an old leather journal, filled with untold stories.

Her eyes, however, sparkled with a tenacity that not even the harshest of winters could dim. She always wore a knit hat, a relic from a past life, its colors faded but its warmth a constant.

At night, she found refuge in a quiet library corner, the books her silent companions.


Detective Smith noticed her from across the street.

Jane was a paradox of strength and vulnerability, her appearance roughened by life but eyes keen and alert.

Wearing a cloak of invisibility, she seemed to blend into the shadows of the city, a living embodiment of its secrets. What intrigued him was her guarded disposition, as if she were a custodian of unsolved mysteries.

He could tell she was a silent keeper of stories, her observations a potential goldmine for his investigation.

Science Fiction

In a dystopian world ruled by technocrats, Ryan was a relic of forgotten humanity.

Displaced by the rise of the machines, he wandered the irradiated wastelands, a nomad in a sea of data streams.

His clothing was an assemblage of old-world materials, offering meager protection against the toxic elements.

Yet his spirit remained undaunted; his eyes still flickered with the spark of human will.

He was a constant reminder to the rebels that resilience was not a program that could be downloaded but a flame that burned in the human soul.

Final Thoughts: How to Describe a Homeless Person in Writing

While this article aims to help you describe homeless people in a more nuanced and respectful way, it is crucial to remember that each individual is unique.

Stereotypes are harmful, and it’s vital to approach the subject with sensitivity and empathy.

Always strive to create multi-dimensional characters that reflect the complexity and diversity of human experience.

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