To bring your characters to life, you need to do more than just list their features. You need to describe their face.
Here’s how to describe a face in writing:
Describe a face in writing by focusing on the eyes, nose, mouth, skin, and overall shape. Use descriptive words to convey emotions, and vary your expressions based on the character’s mood, personality, and situation. Avoid clichés and aim for fresh, unique descriptions.
In this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about how to describe a face in writing.
Tip 1: Show, Don’t Tell
Remember, you’re not a police sketch artist.
Avoid listing down facial features as it can be uninteresting and unengaging for your reader.
Instead, let your reader see your character’s face through the emotions and expressions they show.
- “His eyes, a blend of sea and sky, lit up like a lighthouse in the storm when he laughed.”
- “Wrinkles marked the map of her life, telling tales of the smiles and sorrows she had experienced.”
- “The way her eyebrows knitted together gave away her concern more than any words could.”
- “His sharp jawline, a chiseled stone, became more prominent when he clenched his teeth in anger.”
- “Her freckles danced like constellations across the bridge of her nose when she squinted in the sunlight.”
Tip 2: Use Metaphors and Similes
Using metaphors and similes can help create clear and lively images in the reader’s imagination.
They make your descriptions more vibrant and interesting by comparing your character’s features to something unexpected yet relatable.
- “Her eyes were emeralds, sparkling with mischief and curiosity.”
- “His lips were like rose petals, soft and enticing.”
- “Her hair was a golden halo, shimmering under the summer sun.”
- “His smile was a crescent moon, illuminating the dark corners of her heart.”
- “Her nose, small and button-like, reminded him of a delicate seashell.”
Tip 3: Focus on Unique Features
Every face has something unique.
Concentrate on these distinctive features to make your character stand out and remain memorable in the reader’s mind.
- “His silver scar zigzagged down his cheek, a stark reminder of the war he survived.”
- “Her eyes held two different hues—one a warm hazel, the other a striking blue.”
- “A lock of his jet-black hair forever rebelled gravity, standing up at the back of his head.”
- “Her dimples formed deep craters of joy on her cheeks every time she laughed.”
- “His long eyelashes cast shadows on his cheek, adding a touch of enigma to his countenance.”
Tip 4: Describe Emotions
Faces are windows to the soul.
Emotions can dramatically alter the way a face looks. Incorporating emotions in your descriptions makes your characters more believable and relatable.
- “His eyes turned steely grey when he was angry, like storm clouds ready to burst.”
- “Whenever she was excited, her whole face lit up like a child’s on Christmas morning.”
- “In the throes of despair, his features twisted into a sorrowful mask.”
- “Her face, usually so calm, crumbled like a sandcastle when she received the bad news.”
- “His face softened with love when he looked at her, his eyes holding a warmth that melted her heart.”
Tip 5: Involve Other Senses
While visual descriptions are vital, engaging other senses can create a richer image.
The feel, sound, or even the smell associated with a face can offer a deeper connection to your character.
- “His beard was like rough sandpaper against her palm.”
- “Her laughter was music to his ears, a melody he could listen to on loop.”
- “Her skin smelled like vanilla, comforting and sweet.”
- “His face was as cold and clammy as a fish under her touch.”
- “Her voice was soft and soothing, smoothing the wrinkles of his troubled mind.”
Tip 6: Note Changes Over Time
Faces change over time.
Describing the transformation of your character’s face is an excellent way to showcase growth or decline, adding depth to your story.
- “Age had not been kind to him; wrinkles had invaded his once smooth face.”
- “Years of laughter had etched deep joy lines around her eyes and mouth.”
- “The trials of life had left their mark on her face in the form of a permanent frown.”
- “His face had lost its boyish charm over the years, replaced by the rugged handsomeness of a man.”
- “Her face had blossomed like a flower over the years, shedding the awkwardness of adolescence.”
Tip 7: Use Characters’ Reactions
The way other characters react to someone’s face can say a lot about their appearance.
It’s a subtle way of description without being too direct.
- “At her radiant smile, people couldn’t help but smile back.”
- “His stern look was enough to make the room fall silent.”
- “The sight of her tear-streaked face made him feel a pang of guilt.”
- “The sight of his bloodied face made her stomach churn.”
- “Her pale face caused him to ask, ‘Are you feeling alright?'”
Tip 8: Use Light and Shadow
Playing with light and shadow can add a dramatic touch to your descriptions.
It helps set the mood and gives an interesting perspective on the character’s face.
- “In the candlelight, her eyes glowed like two golden orbs.”
- “His face, half-hidden in shadows, held an inscrutable expression.”
- “Under the harsh sunlight, her freckles appeared like a sprinkling of gold dust on her nose.”
- “The firelight cast long shadows on his face, making his sharp features seem more sinister.”
- “In the dim light of dawn, her face held a serene, ethereal quality.”
Tip 9: Describe Facial Movements
A face is not a static thing. It moves, it expresses, it reacts.
Describing these movements brings dynamism and life to your character.
- “His eyebrow arched in surprise.”
- “Her lips puckered in a pout.”
- “His nostrils flared in annoyance.”
- “Her cheeks puffed out as she held in a laugh.”
- “His eyes narrowed into slits as he concentrated on the task at hand.”
Tip 10: Use Cultural and Historical Context
Different cultures and time periods have different beauty standards and distinctive features.
Using these contexts can make your character more realistic and relatable.
Just use caution and discernment here so that you don’t disrespect any culture or person.
- “Her face, painted with tribal markings, told a story of her heritage.”
- “His Victorian-era sideburns lent him an air of classic charm.”
- “Her Hanbok highlighted her soft, round Korean features.”
- “The vertical lines tattooed on his face revealed his Maori lineage.”
- “The smallpox scars on her face were a harsh reminder of the epidemics in 18th-century Europe.”
Tip 11: Mention Age Appropriately
Different ages have different facial characteristics.
Children have softer, rounder features, whereas the elderly have wrinkles and age spots. Describing age-appropriate features lends credibility to your characters.
- “Her face was still round with the chubbiness of early childhood.”
- “His teenage face was plagued with an army of rebellious acne.”
- “Her middle-aged face had started showing the first signs of crow’s feet around her eyes.”
- “His elderly face held a network of wrinkles, each one a tale of a year gone by.”
- “Her face, though young, held a mature expression far beyond her years.”
Tip 12: Highlight the Mood
The mood of the scene can drastically alter the way a character’s face is perceived.
Use the mood to your advantage to add a layer of depth to your descriptions.
- “In the glow of the setting sun, her face held a peaceful tranquility.”
- “His face seemed even more grotesque under the flickering neon lights.”
- “In the soft, romantic moonlight, her face held an ethereal beauty.”
- “Under the harsh fluorescent lights, his scars appeared even more pronounced.”
- “His face seemed drawn and tired in the gloomy dawn light.”
Tip 13: Make Comparisons
Comparing a character’s face to another character or even to their younger self can offer insight into their appearance, and also their relationships and growth.
- “His face held the same stubborn chin as his mother.”
- “She had her father’s eyes, sparkling with the same intense curiosity.”
- “He had aged, his face no longer the smooth canvas of his youth.”
- “Her face was a mirror image of her twin, yet her eyes held a different story.”
- “His face, once so similar to his brother’s, had grown hard and cold.”
Tip 14: Use Action
Action can reveal a lot about a character’s face.
By showing what your character does with their face, you can describe their looks in a dynamic, engaging way.
- “She bit her lip, deep in thought.”
- “He rubbed his chin, a sign of his deep contemplation.”
- “She hid her face behind her hands, peeking through her fingers.”
- “A vein throbbed in his forehead as he tried to keep his temper in check.”
- “She pressed her cool palms against her flushed cheeks.”
Tip 15: Include Flaws
Perfection is boring.
Including flaws makes your character more human and relatable. It adds depth and makes your characters more interesting.
- “Her nose was a bit too big for her face, but it gave her a distinctive look.”
- “His teeth were crooked, but they made his smile endearing.”
- “Her eyes were slightly asymmetrical, making her face uniquely hers.”
- “His chin had a small cleft, a flaw that added to his charm.”
- “She had a birthmark on her cheek, a small blotch of reality on her otherwise perfect face.”
Tip 16: Think About the Character’s Background
Your character’s face can say a lot about their past or their lifestyle.
This includes their occupation, past traumas, or even their habits.
It’s a subtle way to give your readers more information about your character.
- “His face was sunburnt and weathered, a testament to his life as a sailor.”
- “Her smooth, delicate hands and well-maintained face revealed a life of luxury and leisure.”
- “The multitude of small cuts on his face were the occupational hazards of a rookie barber.”
- “The permanent frown on her face spoke volumes about the hardships she had faced.”
- “His nicotine-stained fingers and the deep lines around his mouth hinted at years of chain-smoking.”
Tip 17: Describe the Shape of the Face
The shape of a person’s face can create an instant image in the reader’s mind.
Use it effectively to describe your characters. But remember, avoid clichéd descriptions.
- “Her face was heart-shaped, with a wide forehead and a narrow, pointed chin.”
- “He had a square-shaped face, with a broad forehead and wide jawline.”
- “Her oval face was perfectly symmetrical, a pleasing sight to the eyes.”
- “His triangular face, with a broad forehead and narrow chin, gave him a distinctive look.”
- “She had a round face, full of soft curves.”
Tip 18: Use Colors for Description
Colors can create vivid imagery in the reader’s mind.
They can be used to describe the color of the skin, eyes, lips, or even the blush on a character’s face.
- “His eyes were the color of a stormy sea, intense and unpredictable.”
- “Her lips were a vibrant red, standing out against her pale skin.”
- “His skin was a rich, dark chocolate, smooth and unblemished.”
- “Her cheeks turned a rosy pink when she blushed.”
- “His face turned a shade of beet red at the mention of his crush.”
Tip 19: Use Personality Traits
Sometimes, you can describe a face by linking it to the character’s personality traits.
This way, the face serves as a reflection of the character’s personality.
- “His stern face was a perfect match for his no-nonsense personality.”
- “Her ever-smiling face mirrored her optimistic nature.”
- “His brooding eyes were as mysterious as his personality.”
- “Her twinkling eyes were a testament to her mischievous nature.”
- “The calm, serene expression on his face was a reflection of his patient demeanor.”
Tip 20: Use Body Language
The way your character holds their face or their facial body language can say a lot about their mood, personality, or even their current situation.
It’s another great tool for description.
- “He held his face high, a sign of his arrogance and pride.”
- “Her face was always buried in a book, her eyes scanning the pages rapidly.”
- “His face fell at the news, disappointment written all over his features.”
- “She turned her face away, avoiding his gaze.”
- “He leaned his face on his hand, deep in thought.”
Tip 21: Combine Different Tips
Using a combination of the tips above can lead to a richer and more comprehensive description of a character’s face.
Experiment with different combinations to find what works best for your story.
- “His weathered face, tanned from years of working in the sun, was square-shaped with a strong jawline. His stormy sea-blue eyes sparkled with mischief, revealing his playful personality.”
- “Her heart-shaped face was adorned with a splash of freckles, a little too much on the nose. Her emerald-green eyes, always filled with curiosity, were her most striking feature.”
- “He had a round face, boyish yet showing signs of age. His brown eyes, usually sparkling with joy, were dull and downcast.”
- “Her oval face, pale as moonlight, held an otherworldly charm. But it was her violet eyes, shimmering with hidden secrets, that caught everyone’s attention.”
- “His triangular face, coupled with his almond-shaped eyes of liquid amber, were a testament to his Asian heritage. His stern expression softened when he smiled, revealing a dimple on his left cheek.”
Here is a good video about how to describe your character’s face in writing:
How to Describe a Man’s Face
When it comes to describing a man’s face, focus on the key features that highlight (or contrast) masculinity.
This could include a chiseled jawline, broad forehead, deep-set eyes, or facial hair.
However, be sure to avoid stereotypes and allow for diversity in your descriptions. Not all men have “strong, chiseled features” and “thick beards.”
Some might have soft features or be clean-shaven.
The key lies in describing the unique features that make your character who they are.
Tips and examples:
- “His face was rugged, with a chiseled jawline that was covered in a five o’clock shadow.”
- “His cheekbones were high, giving him a somewhat stern appearance.”
- “His face was a blend of soft and hard features, an intriguing mix of his tough upbringing and gentle nature.”
- “He had a clean-shaven face, which accentuated his dimples when he smiled.”
- “His face, while not conventionally handsome, had a certain charisma that was very appealing.”
How to Describe a Woman’s Face
Describing a woman’s face allows for a broad spectrum of details.
From delicate, soft features to strong, bold ones, women’s faces can be as diverse as their personalities.
You could describe her high cheekbones, full lips, or slender eyebrows.
But again, avoid clichés and overused descriptors.
Try to paint a picture of her uniqueness and individuality through your descriptions.
Tips and examples:
- “Her face was oval, framed by a cascade of curly hair.”
- “Her features were strong yet feminine, with a sharp nose and full lips.”
- “Her face was as delicate as a porcelain doll, with rosy cheeks and soft, blue eyes.”
- “She had a square-shaped face, with a broad forehead that hinted at her intelligence.”
- “Her face was radiant, even without a hint of makeup, with high cheekbones and almond-shaped eyes.”
How to Describe a Kid’s Face
Kids’ faces are often rounder and softer, with big, curious eyes.
When describing a child’s face, pay attention to their innocence, their expressive eyes, their freckles, or their baby fat.
Also, kids are usually more expressive, so don’t forget to incorporate their changing facial expressions in your descriptions.
Tips and examples:
- “His face was cherubic, round with rosy cheeks and bright, twinkling eyes.”
- “Her face was a canvas of freckles, her eyes wide with a child’s innocence.”
- “His face lit up with a toothy grin, eyes sparkling with mischief.”
- “Her face, smudged with dirt, was the picture of a child’s adventurous spirit.”
- “His face, though young, held an expression of seriousness that belied his tender age.”
How to Describe an Angry Face
An angry face can be a powerful tool to convey emotion and tension in your story.
When describing an angry face, focus on the tightening of features, the flare of nostrils, the furrow of brows, or the gritting of teeth.
Show your reader the anger rather than just telling them about it.
Tips and examples:
- “His face turned crimson, veins throbbing at his temples.”
- “Her eyes flashed fire, and her lips thinned into a tight line.”
- “His face twisted in rage, the usually calm features barely recognizable.”
- “Her face was a mask of fury, her eyes glaring and her lips curled in a snarl.”
- “His jaw was set, and his nostrils flared, an unmistakable sign of his anger.”
How to Describe a Serious Face
Describing a serious face is a way to communicate a character’s mood or the gravity of a situation.
In such descriptions, focus on elements that suggest concentration, intensity, or even a lack of emotional display.
The narrowing of eyes, a firm setting of the jaw, the pursing of lips, or the hardening of facial features can all convey seriousness.
A serious face isn’t necessarily an angry or sad one.
It can be the face of a person deep in thought, someone intent on their work, or someone who’s just received surprising news.
By describing the subtleties of a serious face, you can provide a deeper understanding of your character’s mindset and the situation at hand.
- “His face was stern, eyes narrowed in concentration as he read the document.”
- “Her face was solemn, the corners of her mouth turned slightly downwards, lost in her thoughts.”
- “His face hardened, eyes cold and unblinking, as he heard the tragic news.”
- “Her serious face was a mask of professionalism, not a hint of emotion visible.”
- “His face was devoid of its usual playfulness, replaced by a solemn expression as he listened to the speaker.”
How to Describe a Sad Face
Describing a sad face requires delicacy and empathy, as it’s one of the more profound emotions.
It’s about more than just downturned lips or tear-filled eyes.
Sadness can show in subtle signs like a dull look in the eyes, a slight droop of the shoulders, or a vacant stare.
These cues can create an emotional connection between your readers and your characters, drawing readers deeper into your narrative.
Remember, sadness varies from person to person.
Some people might openly cry, while others might have a quiet, resigned sadness.
- “Her face was etched with sorrow, her eyes dull and vacant.”
- “His face was a picture of desolation, the sparkle in his eyes replaced with a forlorn gaze.”
- “Tears streaked down her face, each one a testament to her heartbreak.”
- “His lips trembled as he tried to hold back his tears, the effort visible in his face.”
- “Her face, usually so full of life, seemed to age years in moments, the weight of her sadness apparent to all.”
How to Describe a Tired Face
When describing a tired face, you’re not just depicting the physical signs of exhaustion but also hinting at the underlying reasons.
Perhaps a long day of work, emotional stress, or sleep deprivation.
Tiredness can be seen in drooping eyelids, dark circles under the eyes, a lack of focus, or a general lack of energy in the face.
Also, a tired face can also be a metaphor for the exhaustion a character feels due to life events or situations.
In such cases, the tired face is a reflection of an internal state rather than just a physical one.
- “His face was drawn, his usually bright eyes clouded with exhaustion.”
- “Her face bore the brunt of her sleepless nights, with dark circles under her eyes and a pallid complexion.”
- “His face seemed to sag, the lines on his forehead deepening with fatigue.”
- “Her tired face was a stark contrast to her usually vibrant self, her eyes dull and her smile forced.”
- “Despite his attempts to appear energetic, his face betrayed his exhaustion, the usual spark in his eyes replaced by a weary glaze.”
How to Describe a Worried Face
A worried face can help to reveal a character’s concerns or anxieties.
This doesn’t always mean a furrowed brow or biting of the lips.
It can be more subtle, like a slight twitch of the mouth, darting eyes, or an unsettled look.
It’s essential to focus on how your character uniquely expresses worry to make the description authentic.
Keep in mind that worry is often directed at something specific – a person, an event, or an outcome.
- “His face was etched with worry, his brows knitted tightly together.”
- “Her face held a look of concern, her eyes scanning the horizon for any sign of him.”
- “His face bore an expression of unease, his gaze darting around nervously.”
- “Her worry was visible on her face, her lips pressed together in a tight line.”
- “His face was filled with apprehension, his eyes reflecting the turmoil of his thoughts.”
How to Describe a Disappointed Face
A disappointed face can manifest as a downturned mouth, a furrowed brow, a sigh, or a vacant look in the eyes.
However, disappointment can also be subtle, a slight change in the eyes or a brief flicker of an expression.
Disappointment often comes from a place of hope or expectation.
Highlighting what led to the disappointment can add depth to your character and make the emotion more palpable for the readers.
- “His face fell, the joy replaced with a grimace of disappointment.”
- “Her eyes lost their sparkle, her face reflecting the disappointment she felt.”
- “His face hardened, the blow of disappointment visible in his tightened jaw.”
- “The look of disappointment on her face was unmistakable, her eyes welling up with unshed tears.”
- “His face mirrored his disappointment, the excitement fading from his eyes as he took in the news.”
How to Describe a Happy Face in Writing
Happiness is an emotion that can light up a character’s face and make them come alive for the readers.
When describing a happy face, focus on the warmth of the smile, the spark in the eyes, or even the lift of the eyebrows.
However, happiness isn’t always about broad grins.
It can also be a soft smile, a content look, or relaxed features.
- “Her face lit up with a smile that reached her eyes, transforming her features.”
- “His face was aglow with happiness, his eyes sparkling like diamonds.”
- “Her face softened, a gentle smile playing on her lips, reflecting her contentment.”
- “His face was alive with joy, every feature radiating his excitement.”
- “Happiness was etched on her face, her eyes warm and inviting.”
Exercises for Practicing Facial Descriptions in Writing
Improving your facial description skills requires practice.
Here are a few exercises you can try:
- Observe and Describe: Look at faces around you or pictures of faces, and write descriptions for them. Try to capture the unique features and expressions.
- Show, Don’t Tell: Write a scene showing a character’s emotion (like anger, sadness, or happiness) through their facial expression without naming the emotion.
- Avoiding Clichés: Take a clichéd facial description and rewrite it in a fresh, original way.
- Genre-specific descriptions: Pick a genre and write a facial description that fits that genre.
- Character Descriptions: Take a character from your current writing project and write detailed facial descriptions, focusing on their usual expressions, unique features, and how their face changes with different emotions.
- Expressing Age: Choose three different ages (child, adult, elderly) and describe the same face at each stage of life. Concentrate on how age changes the appearance and expressions of the face.
- Emotional Shifts: Write a scene where a character’s emotion changes dramatically. Describe how their face changes from one emotion to another. For example, how does their face transform from surprise to joy, or from anger to sadness?
- Personality Depiction: Choose a specific personality trait (like kindness, arrogance, or shyness) and describe a face that reflects that trait. Avoid clichés and aim for a vivid, unique description.
- Describing Without Sight: Challenge yourself by describing a character’s face using other senses. How does their face feel to the touch? What sounds do they make that might give away their facial expressions? This can be a challenging exercise but it will make you think outside the box!
- Mixing Metaphor and Simile: Write a facial description using a simile (e.g., “Her eyes were like calm lakes.”) Then, rewrite it using a metaphor (e.g., “Her eyes were calm lakes.”) Compare the two and see how each one affects the description and the image it evokes.
Final Thoughts: How to Describe a Face in Writing
In any descriptions (including faces) try to weave theme, plot, and character into your words.
If you liked this guide, you’ll probably enjoy our other helpful guides on how to describe dogs, cities, voices, and more.